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algorithme


analyse
Algorithmic Governmentality and the Death of Politics - 19 septembre 2020
In recent years, the likes of the Cambridge Analytica scandal together with regulatory steps such as the EU’s GDPR data law have contributed to a swell in public awareness on the potential risks of big data and artificial intelligence. Privacy, however, is only the tip of the iceberg. We sat down with legal (...)

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Digital Contact Tracing is The New “Smart” Frontier of Urban Surveillance - 18 septembre 2020
As one of the most widely touted solutions for the coronavirus era, digital contact tracing has prompted intense praise and pushback alike, leading critics to warn of an impending "surveillance state". But this surveillance state is already here. The ongoing pandemic, coupled with economic chaos and a (...)

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Haine en ligne : ils veulent lutter autrement que les GAFAM - 16 septembre 2020
Les géants du net ont multiplié les initiatives pour lutter contre haine et désinformation cet été. Comptes bloqués, vidéos censurées, labels signalant les "médias affiliés à un État". Mais pour les promoteurs de l’internet libre, le problème est bien plus profond. Tour d’horizon de leurs solutions. YouTube, Twitter, (...)

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De l’automatisation de la discrimination - 15 septembre 2020
Le racisme n’est pas seulement une forme de domination parmi d’autres, une idéologie ou une histoire. C’est avant tout « un ensemble de technologies qui génèrent des modèles de relations sociales »… Un ensemble de technologies qui, comme bien des technologies, ont tendance à devenir des boîtes noires trop souvent (...)

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Palantir, le géant de la surveillance aux profits fantômes. - 15 septembre 2020
L’introduction en bourse de la firme fondée par Peter Thiel approche, mais les investisseurs doutent. Proche de la CIA, en relation avec la DGSI, fondée par un soutien de Donald Trump, l’entreprise Palantir s’est forgé une réputation sulfureuse en signant des contrats de surveillance avec les armées et polices du monde (...)

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Employers are tracking us. Let’s track them back - 15 septembre 2020
Employers are using tech to track their employees ever more closely. Time for workers to reclaim their own data – and turn the surveillance back on their taskmasters, says Christina Colclough. Here’s what you need to know about your data, your rights, and how you can make sure they are protected. Monday morning, (...)

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This Is How the U.S. Military’s Massive Facial Recognition System Works - 15 septembre 2020
Documents obtained by OneZero show how the military captures biometric data around the world Over the last 15 years, the United States military has developed a new addition to its arsenal. The weapon is deployed around the world, largely invisible, and grows more powerful by the day. That weapon is a vast (...)

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‘Zoom and Enhance’ Is Finally Here - 15 septembre 2020
And its surveillance implications are scary We all know the scene. Two detectives on a cop show stand in a dimly lit room filled with monitors, reviewing surveillance images. A tech guy (yes, it’s almost always a guy) queues up image after image as the detectives look on, squinting at the screen in concentration. (...)

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AI is a totalitarian’s dream – here’s how to take power back - 15 septembre 2020
Soon artificial intelligence looks set to know us better than we know ourselves. But it will all be for our own good, right ? Simon McCarthy-Jones explores the ramifications in a curated piece originally published by The Conversation. Individualistic western societies are built on the idea that no one knows our (...)

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Défense de l’algovernance : pour une cogestion des systèmes algorithmiques qui impactent les travailleurs - 15 septembre 2020
Sur Social Europe (@socialeurope), un média qui milite pour le retour d’une Europe sociale lancé par le sociologue et politologue britannique Colin Crouch, Christina Colclough (@Cjclough) – spécialiste des effets de la numérisation sur le travail et les travailleurs, initiatrice du Why Not Lab, qui défend la nécessité (...)

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Europe starts testing app interoperability service to power cross-border COVID-19 exposure alerts - 14 septembre 2020
The European Commission has begun testing backend infrastructure that’s needed to make national coronavirus contacts tracing apps interoperate across the bloc’s internal borders. It’s kicked off test runs between the backend servers of the official apps from the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy and (...)

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To Surveil and Predict - 14 septembre 2020
This report examines algorithmic technologies that are designed for use in criminal law enforcement systems. Algorithmic policing is an area of technological development that, in theory, is designed to enable law enforcement agencies to either automate surveillance or to draw inferences through the use of mass (...)

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Risks of Discrimination through the Use of Algorithms - 14 septembre 2020
Algorithms : The study focuses on algorithms that are used for data processing and the semi- or fully-automated implementation of decision-making rules to differentiate between individuals. Such differentiations relate to economic products, services, positions or payments as well as to state decisions and actions (...)

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Why policing is not predictable - 14 septembre 2020
Jurisdictions continue to roll out predictive policing methods that use AI-based analytics. So far, trials of these systems – especially those utilising facial recognition – have demonstrated extreme lack of effectiveness. Even more worrying is the risk of fundamental rights violations and the lack of attention paid (...)

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Operation Legend Is Bringing Surveillance Tech to Cities - 13 septembre 2020
Using federal grants, cities are contracting with companies that hack smartphones and detect gunshots. In August, 40 federal agents arrived in Memphis. Some were already on the ground by the time U.S. Attorney Michael Dunavant announced the onset of Operation Legend and the city became, along with St. Louis, the (...)

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Targeted - 13 septembre 2020
Pasco’s sheriff created a futuristic program to stop crime before it happens. It monitors and harasses families across the county. Pasco County Sheriff Chris Nocco took office in 2011 with a bold plan : to create a cutting-edge intelligence program that could stop crime before it happened. What he actually built (...)

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Emotional Expressions Reconsidered : Challenges to Inferring Emotion From Human Facial Movements - 13 septembre 2020
Faces offer information that helps us navigate our social world, influencing whom we love, trust, help, and even judge as guilty of a crime. But to what extent does an individual’s face reveal the person’s emotions ? And to what extent can we accurately interpret an emotion or intention from a raised eyebrow, a (...)

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Schulabschluss in Corona-Zeiten : Ein Algorithmus, der Träume zerstören kann - 12 septembre 2020
In der Coronakrise hat ein Algorithmus die Endnoten britischer Schüler errechnet - die Ergebnisse sorgten für Aufruhr. Doch auch in Deutschland entscheidet eine geheime Formel über die Noten bestimmter Schüler. Als Sophia Kamal-Bederski Anfang Juli ihre Abschlussnoten bekam, war sie schockiert : "Meine Lehrer hatten (...)

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Portland, Oregon, passes toughest ban on facial recognition in US - 11 septembre 2020
The ordinance outlaws the use of facial recognition not only by government agencies, but also by private businesses. The city council in Portland, Oregon, on Wednesday passed the strongest ban on facial recognition in the US, blocking use of the technology by private businesses as well as government agencies in (...)

analyse
Portland passes broadest facial recognition ban in the US - 11 septembre 2020
The city of Portland, Oregon, on Wednesday banned the use of facial-recognition technology by city departments — including local police — as well as public-facing businesses such as stores, restaurants and hotels. Portland joins a growing number of places in the United States, such as San Francisco, Oakland, and (...)